Publicado por: mirnacavalcanti | 19 de junho de 2012

“Moral Relativism”


“Understanding’ is different from ‘accepting’. However, ‘reject’ or ‘accept’ without first having understood is prejudice”. Mario Sergio Cortella                                                                                                                  

           WHERE   is  Ethics?

 

 

 

Today I listened to a small, nevertheless important  Mario Sergio Costella’s lecture, who led me to think analytically – but synthetically about the subjet he talked about.

 

Most people are improperly concerned about other persons’  lives .

Let’s think: everything that happens has an origin, a cause, a reason – or  is a reaction to an event  or to someone’s act . ‘Nothing happens by chance…”

All human actions should be governed by ethical principles.

Each of us has his own personal code of ethics. We carry it as a moral DNA.

This is why people don’t  act  equally . Some may think that it is ‘normal‘ (taking bribes, out of law percentages, abnormal ‘business deals’, etc …) – while for others, doing so is unacceptable.

Environment and education, however, do influence on people’s lives but – at the end,  ‘free will’  is what really  decides all  human actions.

The human society is composed of all sorts of creatures.                                  

Just as it is impossible  to water to blend with oil -even though both are in  the same jar- it is also impossible to people with good character to  get  ‘mixed ‘ with the bad character ones. Both  need, however, to coexist and socialize  at work, at school, in apartment buildings, etc. …

And, if in this coexistence, someone has his  rights offended or disrespected, the solution is   go to Court. Let  the judges decide …

I close now this small digression, once  the focus is Ethics, its understanding and its tolerable – or acceptable  boundaries, when disrespected.

Prejudice, prejudgment, prosecution and even  ‘condemnation’ of their fellow men, are common for many human beings. There are also some people who even don’t allow  the accused to defend himself…  They just listen to ‘one side of the story’… and most certainly will arrive to a wrong conclusion.

All actions have a cause. Therefore, we all  should listen both sides and ‘decide’  how far this issue must be accepted as a true  excuse – or not.

I  invite you to listen to Cortella’s lecture (*); it will be of value to everyone.

To the young people it may guide them in the way they are living… To the older people, it may lead them to think  ‘how’  they are living and, if necessary, change their  orientation of thought and therefore, of  their  lives.

One thing is for sure: we do not have the right to judge our fellow men.

Mirna Cavalcanti de Albuquerque

Rio de Janeiro, June 19, 2012

(*) http://cbn.globoradio.globo.com/comentaristas/mario-sergio-cortella/2012/06/19/E-PRECISO-TER-CAUTELA-COM-O-RELATIVISMO-MORAL.htm

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  2. I loved your discussion and digression…….important issue here is what is ethics..to kill in civil life is homicide…to kill enemies on border is a heroic act.The former is judged with death penalty the latter results in awarding of medals and promotion in ranks. A cliched example you would say but even cliche can reveal a lot.Talk of human groupings. A country or nation is one.All those excluded from the ‘country’ are aliens. Among aliens one group is considered ‘enemies’.Did any of those enemies personally affect you ever? May not have in majority of cases. Then how do we come to class them as enemies.Politicians-ruling ones-st up the label or perpetuated it. Media highlighted border violations,acts of terrorism and attributed them to so called ‘enemies’.As a civilian I never bothered to verify if the acts were done actually or not. I simply believed and the label stayed.So much of ethics is based on group dynamics.What is wrong and what is right,good or bad,to be done or to be avoided is decided by those that are interested in running the group as an intact unit. There is then a willy nilly plebiscite of those that inhabit grouping to accept the ethical stance and label of an enemy. Group leaders are,however, not that much interested in propagating ‘folklorish’ ethics that govern our day to day life. It is found in religious books and their preachings in many forms.Sometimes experience teaches us what is good and what is bad. It is for this part of ethics we need to have complete public plebiscite to be able to say it is truly ethics. I will comment more later after I get your reaction to the foregoing.


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